Foot & Heel Pain

Athletes Foot

What is Athlete's Foot (Tinea Pedis)? Athlete's foot (also known as Tinea Pedis) is a skin infection which is commonly thought to occur amongst athletes and those who wear trainers and other non-breathable ...
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Broken Toe

What is a Broken Toe (Fractured Phalange)? A Broken Toe is more formally described as a Fractured Phalange. The foot is made up of 26 bones, 14 of which are called Phalanges. There are 3 Phalanges in each 'small toe', and...
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Bruised Heel

What is a Bruised Heel? A pad of fat known as the calcaneus protects the heel bone. Repeated pounding of the heel can cause the fat pad to be pushed up the side of the heel leaving less of a protective layer causing heel...
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Blisters

Cause of blisters Friction from clothes or shoes is the usual cause of blisters, the repeated rubbing on the skin causing friction burns. This friction causes the outer layer of skin to separate from the inner layers and...
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Bunions

What are bunions? Bunions are a painful swelling and bone enlargement over the inside of the ball of the big toe. Sometimes the big toe will appear as though it is bent in towards the other toes. Bunions are cause by...
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Plantar Fasciitis

What is Plantar Fasciitis? The Plantar Fascia tendon is a broad, thick band of tissue that runs from under the heel to the front of the foot. Inflammation and degeneration of the plantar fascia of the foot is called...
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Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

What is tarsal tunnel syndrome? The tarsals are the small bones which bridge the space between teh ankle and foot. Just below the bony bit on the inside of the ankle (medial malleolus) is a passage where two nerves run....
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Calcaneal Bursitis

What is calcaneal bursitis? Between the heel bone and the pad of fat under the heel, there is a small sack of fluid called a bursa. Bursas are found between between tendons and bones, or where shock absorption is needed....
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Calcaneal Stress Fracture

What is a calcaneal stress fracture? The big heel bone at the back of the foot is called the calcaneus. Fractures can occur in the bone through excessive pounding. For example soldiers or road runners are prone to this...
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Extensor Tendonitis

What is extensor tendonitis? The extensor tendons run along the top of the foot from the shin to the toes and are used to pull the foot and toes upwards. These tendons can become inflamed causing pain and...
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Flexor Tendonitis

What is flexor tendonitis? The tendons which bend the toes run down the inside of the ankle and under the foot to the toes and are known as the flexor tendons. Flexor tendonitis is most likely to occur in dancers. It is...
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Metatarsal Fracture

What are Metatarsals? The five long bones in the foot are called the metatarsals. Each of them form a joint with the relevant phalange (toe bone) at the front and the Tarsal bones near the ankle. Fractures can occur...
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Metatarsalgia

What is Metatarsalgia? Metatarsalgia is an umbrella term used to describe any pain on the forefoot. Specifically, Metatarsalgia actually refers to an inflammatory condition between the key bones in the foot: the ...
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Mortons Syndrome

What is Morton's Neuroma/Syndrome? The nerves that supply the toes run between the metatarsal bones in the foot. These are long bones which run behind the toes. If the foot arch is weak and collapses, the metatarsal bones...
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Plantar Fascia Strain

What is a Plantar fascia strain? The band that runs from under the heel to the front of the foot is known as the plantar fascia or arch ligament. Ruptures and strains of this ligament are quite common and maybe the result...
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Stress Fracture of the Foot

What is a stress fracture of the foot? Prolonged repeated loads on the legs may cause a stress fracture of the foot. This can be a particular problem for long distance runners. The symptoms of this include: Pain in the...
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