Knee Pain

Jumpers Knee

What is Jumpers Knee?  Also known as patellar tendonitis or patellar tendinopathy, Jumpers knee is a knee injury resulting in pain at the attachment of the patella tendon to the bottom of the patella or kneecap.  With...
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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

What is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament?  The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the four main stabilising ligaments of the knee joint. It is found deep within the knee joint and prevents the Tibia (shin bone) from...
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Osteoarthritis of the Knee

What is Osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis is basically wear and tear on the joints. It is particularly common in the knee joint and in people over 50 years old. It tends to affect women more than men. Symptoms include...
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Bakers Cyst

What is a Popliteal Cyst (Bakers Cyst)? A Popliteal Cyst (more commonly known as a Bakers cyst) is a swelling at the back of the knee. This condition is fairly uncommon and is caused by the back of the joint becoming...
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Iliotibial Band Syndrome

What is Runners Knee? The Iliotibial band (ITB) experiences friction as it passes back and forth over the femur bone on the epicondyle (bony bit on the outside of the knee). When the knee bends at approximately 20-30...
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Medial Ligament Injury

What is the Medial Collateral Ligament? The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the four main ligaments of the knee. It is positioned on the inner aspect of the knee joint and connects the Femur (thigh bone) to the...
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Medial Meniscus Injury

What is a Cartilage Meniscus Injury? A meniscus injury is an injury to one of the two crescent shaped cartilage pads in the knee. Their function is to act as shock absorbers in the knee and aid joint stability. They can be...
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Osgood Schlatters Disease

What is Osgood Schlatters Disease? It is common for young athletes and children complaining of knee pain to be suffering with Osgood Schlatters disease. It is an inflammation of the bony protrusion below the knee (called...
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Patellofemoral Pain

What is Patellofemoral Syndrome? Pain around the kneecap is often referred to as patellofemoral pain syndrome. PFPS is caused by mal-tracking of the knee cap, which should run straight up and down in the groove at the...
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Patella Dislocation

What is Patella Dislocation? The patella is also known as the kneecap. It serves as a protective bone in front of the knee joint. The kneecap glides up and down the patellofemoral groove at the front of the thigh bone...
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Lateral Knee Ligament Injury

What is the Lateral Collateral Ligament? The Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) is one of the four main ligaments of the knee. It is positioned on the outer aspect of the knee joint and connects the Femur (thigh bone) to...
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Patella Tendon Rupture

What is a Patella Tendon Rupture? The patella tendon is located below the knee cap and is the tendon which connects the knee cap (patella) to the shin bone (Tibia). It is a very important tendon as the Quadriceps muscles...
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Biceps Femoris Tendon Avulsion

What is a Biceps Femoris Tendon Avulsion? The Biceps Femoris muscle is one of the three hamstring muscles which form the back of the thigh. It is the only one of the three which attaches at its lower end, to the outer...
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Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

What is the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)? There are 4 main ligaments that stabilize the knee - 2 collateral ligaments (medial and lateral) and 2 cruciate ligaments (anterior and posterior). The cruciate's are fixed...
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Articular Cartilage Injury

What is an Articular Cartilage Injury? The articular cartilage lines the ends of bones where they form a joint. It is also known as hyaline cartilage and is different to the two rings of cartilage in the knee, known as...
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Housemaids Knee

What is Housemaids knee or prepatella bursitis? A small sack of fluid, known as a bursa, sits between a tendon and a bone to aid smooth movement of the tendon over the bone. They occur at various joints throughout the...
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