Lower Leg & Ankle Pain

Anterior Compartment Syndrome

Anterior Compartment Syndrome Explained Anterior compartment syndrome or anterior shin splints as it is sometimes known is when the big muscle on the outside front of the lower leg (tibialis anterior) becomes too big for...
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Calf Strain

What is a Calf Strain? A calf strain is a tear to one or both of the muscles at the back of the lower leg. The Gastrocnemius is the big muscle at the back of the lower leg and the Soleus muscle which is a smaller muscle...
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Calf Contusion

What is a Calf Contusion? A contusion is bleeding of a muscle caused by a direct impact. The impact can be from another person or object and tends to crush the muscle against the bone underneath. Even though this type of...
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Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

What is Deep Vein Thrombosis? Deep Vein Thrombosis is a blood clot in a vein. It is more common in the calf muscle area, particularly following surgery and has also been linking to long haul air travel. This condition...
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Lateral Compartment Syndrome

What is a Compartment Syndrome? This condition can be acute or chronic. When the muscle gets too big for the sheath that contains it this causes pain and pressure and is known as compartment syndrome. The lateral...
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Shin Splints

What is Shin Splints? Shin splints is not a specific injury or diagnosis in itself, but is a general term commonly used to describe pain on the inside lower third of the shin. The most common cause is inflammation of the...
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Stress Fracture of the Lower Leg

What is a Stress Fracture of the Lower Leg? A stress fracture can occur in either of the two lower leg bones called the tibia (the big one on the inside) and the fibula. It is most common two to three inches above the...
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Tight Calf Muscles

Tight calf muscle symptoms tend to come on gradually and get worse while exercising (often during running). Sometime they will improve during the run, and other times only improve when the muscles cool down. This is a common...
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Ankle Sprain

Twisted Ankle A sprain is stretching and or tearing of ligaments. Sprained ankles are very common injuries. It is the talo-fibula ligament that is most commonly damaged, which is the middle of the three ligaments on the...
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Achilles Bursitis

What is Achilles Tendon Bursitis (Retrocalcaneal Bursitis)? Runners are particularly susceptible to achilles tendon bursitis. Sometimes this condition is mistaken as...
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Complete Rupture of the Achilles Tendon

What is the Achilles Tendon? The tendon that runs from your calf muscle at the back of your lower leg and inserts in at the back of the heel is known as the Achilles tendon. Total achilles tendon rupture sometimes occurs...
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Partial Rupture of the Achilles Tendon

What is a Partial Rupture of the Achilles Tendon? The Achilles tendon is the large tendon at the back of the ankle. A partial rupture is where the tendon tears but not completely. Scar tissue will form and this can lead...
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Achilles Tendonitis

What is Achilles Tendonitis? Around 11% of running injuries are accountable to achilles tendonitis. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon at the back of the ankle which connects the large calf muscles...
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Broken Ankle

What is a Broken Ankle? Broken ankles are a massively common injury, especially among sportspeople, and are often associated with Sprained Ankles. While most people believe otherwise, 'Broken' and 'Fractured' mean exactly...
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Footballers Ankle

Footballers Ankle Footballers' ankle (also known as anterior impingement) normally follows an injury where the ankle has been bent or over stretched. It manifests as a bony growth at the front of the ankle where the...
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Haglund's Syndrome

What is Haglund's Syndrome? Haglund's syndrome is the specific condition of Retrocalcaneus bursitis and Achilles tendonitis occuring at the same time in the same leg. Retrocalcaneus bursitis is inflammation of the bursa...
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